Complete Denture Anatomy – What Makes Up Your Dentures?

Whether partial or full, dentures can restore both your ability to smile with confidence and your ability to enjoy foods that you love. But do you know what goes into the making of your dentures? There are several parts to your complete dentures, each serving a vital role in ensuring that your dentures look and function realistically and naturally. Understanding each part of your complete dentures will also help you identify when something is not functioning correctly or when there is damage that needs to be repaired.

The Basics of Denture Anatomy

Complete dentures are made up of two primary parts: the denture base and artificial teeth.

The denture base functions as the sturdy foundation for your prosthetic teeth. Today’s dentures often have a base fabricated with durable acrylic resins. The acrylic materials are molded based upon impressions captured by dental professionals when you are in the office. This denture base is molded to fit your unique gum line, assures a comfortable fit, and helps minimize any potential concerns that could arise from ill-fitting dentures.

The artificial teeth part of your dentures restore function and aesthetics, and are usually made from ceramic of acrylic materials. Those who have lost their natural teeth may struggle to eat, speak, and enjoy a healthy lifestyle. The artificial teeth are designed to restore your smile, quite often more perfect than it once was.

What Makes Up a Denture Base?

In basic terms, a denture base is a sturdy foundation for each of the prosthetic teeth. It is a gum-colored resin that will offer a natural look when the dentures are in place. To understand the complete denture anatomy, we need to delve into the different parts of the denture base itself.

The denture base is molded based upon the images and impressions taken of your gums. Whether done just after your teeth have been extracted or completed when you’ve been living life without teeth for some time, it is important to get these impressions. Any changes to your gums can alter the fit of your dentures. This is one reason why it is so important to get your dentist to evaluate the fit of your dentures, mention that they are causing irritation, or let your dentist know if they are otherwise slipping.

The Four Primary Parts of the Denture Base

1. Labial Flange

The labial flange part of the denture base is located above the prosthetic front teeth. It aids in the stability of the denture when it is in place. It is a thinner part of the denture base to allow for a smooth, natural look. If the labial flange is too thick, it results in an unnatural full look to your lips.

2. Labial Notch

The labial notch of the denture base allows for the fibrous band under the lip, known as the labial frenum, to sit comfortably when the dentures are being worn. The frenum has no muscles to it, and it extends from the very top of your gum ridge to the lip. The notch should be narrow enough so it doesn’t appear unnatural but sufficiently deep to provide a snug fit around the frenum to ensure a sturdy seal.

3. Buccal Flange

The buccal flange allows for a comfortable seal between the cheeks and the gums to offer better dentures’ stability. This part of the denture base is located on the side of the dentures.

4. Buccal Notch

The buccal notch area of the denture base ensures a comfortable and snug fit between the dentures and the area of the mouth known as the buccal frenum. Your dentures are designed for a comfortable fit so you can restore some of the functionality that you’ve lost. Each part of the denture device plays an important role in your comfort, aesthetics, and functionality.

Prosthetic Teeth and the Anatomical Landmarks of Complete Denture Devices

Learning about the prosthetic teeth on your dentures helps you understand the anatomical landmarks of complete denture devices. Perhaps one of the primary perks of dentures is that they allow you to determine your new teeth’s color and size. Patients can get a perfectly straight pearly white smile, all thanks to their dentures.

The vast majority of denture wearers today have prosthetic teeth that are made from an acrylic resin. This very customizable material will result in prosthetics that are almost indistinguishable from your natural teeth.

Small holes are drilled into each of the teeth to ensure that the resin base materials will firmly adhere to them. Once the dentures have been made, they will be cleaned and polished.

Caring for your prosthetic teeth requires non-abrasive toothpaste and other cleaning solutions, because some of the abrasive materials in toothpaste can scratch the prosthetic teeth. This resin material is sturdy enough to allow you to bite into some of your favorite foods again, but does require some care and upkeep to maintain.

If you are ready to begin your journey to a new smile, be sure to reach out to the denture professionals at Billings Denture Clinic.

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